Classes become boring and stressful. That means, first, that it must be an action that you can observe. Player keeps her eye on the ball. The components of a learning objective are Performance, Condition, Criteria . At the start of the next practice, the coach would walk around and “check the homework,” verifying that each player had mastered the proper grip. Relevant: The objective should be something the learner sees the value in learning. Don’t be vague, unclear, or misleading. For example, you wouldn’t create a learning objective that asks an elementary school child to construct a rocket in an hour–it’s just not achievable. Learning objectives describe what we want students to know and be able to do by the end of a course. Or a school may want to improve students’ test results by upskilling its teachers. Then five days on demonstrating equivalence by multiplying. He’d demonstrate a standard grip and how to choke up. At end of the [module, unit, course] students will be able to… … identify and explain major events from the Civil War. A few years ago, I was helping a 4th grade teacher redesign her fractions unit. Learning objectives define learning outcomes and focus teaching. Not only is this more interesting, it combines standards across the NF (number as fraction) and OA (operations and algebraic reasoning) domains. Others might benefit from a quick explanation and nothing more. Jeff Lisciandrello is the founder of Room to Discover and an education consultant specializing in student-centered learning. Objectives are the bedrock of instructional design because they guide every other decision in the development of the course. We can design activities that combine overlapping standards. Check out our next post in this series, which explains the ABCD method for writing a 4-part learning objective, and definitely check out our recorded interview with learning researcher Dr. Patti Shank on Learning Objectives. But it’s not as simple as “teaching standards.” Many education experts caution against teaching to the test, and for good reason. By focusing on units instead of lessons, we build slack into the system, while still ensuring we address standards. They also have difficulty applying their knowledge to solve problems. The learning objectives is sometimes referred to as the 'WALT' standing for 'We are learning to….' For example, a manufacturer may want to increase the volume of items produced per quarter. They are essentially a promise to students about what they will learn in a particular educational endeavor. Student B struggles on day 1, and learns little on day 2. ABCD method for writing a 4-part learning objective, recorded interview with learning researcher Dr. Patti Shank on Learning Objectives, Robert Mager’s Performance-Based Learning Objectives, Effective EHS Training: A Step-by-Step Guide, Online Safety Training Buyer's Guide Checklist, Online Contractor Orientation Buyers Guide, Learning Management System (LMS) Buyer's Guide. We drew, Once we’d covered the basics, we were able to cover the, 1. downloadable guide to writing learning objectives. Then, supplement with lessons from the textbook. Standards are milestones. But is there an alternative that doesn’t require endless hours of planning? Here are three tips to help you make sure your learning objectives are more than just reworded standards. Once we’d covered the basics, we were able to cover the fourth grade fraction domain in just a few lessons. ], As a kid, I loved the campy TV detective show “Get Smart.”. But it’s not as simple as “teaching standards.” Many education experts caution against. Your email address will not be published. Next, she would spend twelve days on adding fractions with the same denominator, interspersed with seven days on equivalence for fractions greater than one. We drew visual models. A learning objective is, quite simply, what the teacher wants the children to have learnt or achieved by the end of the lesson. Achievable: Your learning objective must be something your learners have a chance of completing/satisfying. And students with different learning profiles can each get what they need from the same activity. If it’s good for learning objectives to be SMART, it helps to know what the letters in SMART stand for. A learning objective is something you write before you design, develop, and evaluate training. But if I give them a worksheet asking them to analyze a random collection of quotes, they groan. Once you’ve written the learning objective, you will use as a blueprint to create your learning assessments, learning content, learning activities, and learning evaluations. They lose out on the richness of science, math, and the humanities. In a few short sessions, you’ll be confident in creating custom unit plans and pacing guides, designed specifically for you and your students. Measuring learning objectives. Writing learning objectives keeps you focused and helps you in planning. Sign-up for our free newsletter, or join the discussion on our Facebook group, the Reflective Teachers Community. IBL is especially effective for deep learning and helping students develop collaborative skills. Top articles, guides, and freebies delivered straight to your inbox. Jeff frequently writes for magazines related to safety, safety training, and training and frequently speaks at conferences on the same issues, including the Washington Governor's Safety and Health Conference, the Oregon Governor's Occupational Safety and Health Conference, the Wisconsin Safety Conference, the MSHA Training Resources Applied to Mining (TRAM) Conference, and others. Don’t create a learning objective that can be satisfied only by your own subjective understanding of the performance, for example. But they don’t need to be learned in sequence. We’ll discuss the importance of learning objectives and explain teh SMART test for learning objectives below. Teacher workload has reached crisis levels: half of teachers report levels of stress that interfere with health, sleep, and the quality of their work. Specific: Use clear, direct language to tell the learner exactly what he or she should learn and what he or she should be able to do after the training. In the mean time, they should probably focus on other aspects of their swing. And second, the objective must be written so that any objective observer could watch the learner’s performance and agree if the objective has been satisfied or not. If you use a textbook, the textbook may be guilty of setting the tone. As educators, our role is to create a bridge between students and standards. A learning objective should clearly define the expected outcome of a course in terms of demonstrable skills or knowledge that will be acquired by the learner as a result of the instruction provided. To some extent, standards should inform instruction. Room to Discover provides curriculum services that, Take advantage of our free services to stay up-to-date on the latest teaching strategies and innovations. So rather than covering each grade-level standard in sequence, a few meaningful inquiry lessons can support proficiency in an entire domain. And students who didn’t understand the basics of fractions would still be lost. He might call on a few players to answer questions about proper gripping technique. I doubt that any of us would consider coaching this way. She bends her knees and steps into her swing. But how can educators go beyond teaching the test? I looked over her pacing guide in disbelief. But both players will improve by practicing their swing. It’s probably not as important as the ABCD test for learning objectives, but it’s a helpful addition to your learning-objective-writing quiver. On day one, we would focus on gripping the bat. Timely: Make sure your learning objective is something your learner will have to use in a timely fashion–like tomorrow or next week instead of next year. 4 Key Objectives of a Learning and Development Program The objectives of employee development will vary from company to company. Then, If the idea of creating your own curriculum plans seems overwhelming, don’t go it alone. A learning objective is one of the most important parts of a complete lesson plan. Here’s an example of what that might look like. Others are still, Another benefit of planning by unit is the opportunity to incorporate, There are also benefits for student motivation. And it’s true that IBL can be challenging. Of course, many of our players would already know how to hold a bat. The point is that separating proficiency into its component parts may be useful for assessment. Learning objectives encourage reflection and good course design and development. (Marketing Communications) … analyze kinetic data and obtain rate laws. Plus your organization won’t get closer to the business goal that the training was supposed to support. (American History) … effectively communicate information, ideas and proposals in visual, written, and oral forms. Like many textbooks, they changed a few words in the standard and called it an essential question. Measurable: The point of setting a learning objective is to determine if the learner can meet, perform, or satisfy it. You’ll most likely wind up creating poor training, wasting your own time, wasting money creating and delivering the training, waste the employees’ time, and waste more money as they complete the training. Say we combine ‘summarizing’ and ‘quote analysis.’ Some students may have a knack for summarizing a passage, and show proficiency on the first day. Remember that your training should matter to your learners–review this list of adult learning principles to see the importance of this. A well-written objective should paint a vivid picture of what an observer would see in your classroom. 2 Key Facts About Learning Objectives Let us start by introducing two key points: Learning objectives and learning goals are not the same thing. A Learning Objective is a statement, in specific and measurable terms that describes what the learners will be able to do, as a result of engaging in a learning activity. And standards help schools evaluate the effectiveness of their programs. On the one hand, it seems like a sensible expectation. It keeps you focused on building a useful objective and works as a quick and easy “checklist” of sorts. Certainly more complex learning objectives can be written so that they that meld 2 or 3 domains. While it’s true that a lecture can convey information more quickly, that’s an unfair comparison. Think of the standards covered, and find or design a few activities that tie those standards together. This is easily achieved with the use of action verbs that describe learner capabilities at the end of a course. But this is exactly how many of us deal with standards and learning objectives. Build your unit around the activities rather than using the textbook pacing guide. To make the learning meaningful, I knew we needed to scrap the textbook’s pacing guide. Activity objectives Activity objectives are useful to help young people understand what it is they will be learning and why. They must have enough pre-existing knowledge, time, and similar resources. If you don’t create learning objectives, you’ll really have no idea what you’re doing when you’re creating training. Learning something and doing it are different. Within the “hitting” domain would be a group of standards that break down a successful swing. Learning Outcome refers to the expectations kept from the student at the end of the course. a clearly written statement that specifies what the learner should be able to do after he completes the course When a class period begins, shouldn’t students have a sense of what we hope to accomplish that day? Another benefit of planning by unit is the opportunity to incorporate inquiry-based learning. To put it simply, a learning objective describes what the learners should be able to do after they complete your training materials. 4. And standards help schools evaluate the effectiveness of their programs. Learning objectives should use action verbs. For many educators, the textbook is our tool for teaching standards. About Learning Objectives. Most learning objectives start with a variation of SWBAT (Students Will Be Able To...), followed by clear and measurable language. Since every school and every student is unique. Further, discussing your learning goals with your supervisor helps to ensure that you will spend your time productively during the internship and that all parties involved are aware of the Learning objectives are statements of what the learner(s) should be able to do after completing the teaching and practice sessions. But many students didn’t even try to complete it. It would be incredibly boring for our players. What is a Learning Objective?A learning objective is astatement of what students willbe able to do when they havecompleted instruction. In many cases, you’ll probably have a series of learning objectives instead of just one. Educators also worry about the class time required for inquiry-based learning. Resources like, Curriculum specialists have expertise in this area that can help you accomplish your planning goals. Then, work backwards from the larger goal to build your individual units. And of course, feel free to download the free guide to writing learning objectives, too! Part of the problem with lesson objectives is that they are unrealistic. What do you want students to learn by the end of the year? I really felt for this teacher. Learning objective is described as what the student can expect from the teacher at the end of the course. According to Robert Mager (1984), Preparing instructional objectives, learning objectives have four components: Everyone would be sent off to work on their grip independently. For those players, the whole process is a waste of time. Just as learning about the moon on a PBS special is different than looking at the sky and naming the moon’s phase. Learning objectives are a way for teachers to structure, sequence, and plan out learning goals for a specific instructional period, typically for the purpose of moving students toward the achievement of larger, longer-term educational goals such as meeting course learning expectations, performing well on a standardized test, or graduating from high school prepared for college. We discussed the meanings of numerators and denominators. This is where the common mistake of using words like “know” or “understand,” which are not actions that can be objectively observed, in learning objectives is corrected. Each aspect of the game (throwing, catching, hitting) represents a domain, or collection of standards. When my students engage in debate or student-led discussion, they happily analyze quotes to support their arguments. Baseball provides a handy metaphor for the difference between standards and learning objectives. Having two verbs could result in a “split” objective, where a student could potentially meet part, but not all of the requirement. Instead, I’ll have them complete number sentence proofs, so they learn why the algorithm works. they’ll forget it before they need it on the job. . The class was tuning out and fooling around during both mini-lessons and independent practice. If this is the case, they’re more akin to intentions, wishes, or resolutions than concrete objectives. Take advantage of our free services to stay up-to-date on the latest teaching strategies and innovations. What they need is time to mature. Every lesson taught in school should have a learning objective. Required fields are marked *. How can we ensure we are addressing standards without turning them into learning objectives? Your email address will not be published. But too often, a so-called learning objective is just a reworded standard. A learning objective describes what learners should know or be able to do at the end of the course that they couldn’t do before. Focusing on concrete actions and behaviors allows us to make student learning explicit, and communicates to students the kind of intellectual effort we expect of them. Using the SMART method is a great way to help you check your own work when you’re creating objectives. If you haven’t used SMART in the past, try it the next time you’re writing objectives and see if it doesn’t help. And there is a big difference between a standard and a learning objective. Sign-up for our, Managing Teacher Workload: How to Do More in Less Time. Additionally, the verbs (describe and create) were at different levels of learning according to Bloom’s Taxonomy. When Standards Masquerade as Learning Objectives, A few years ago, I was helping a 4th grade teacher redesign her, Three Tips for Writing Meaningful Learning Objectives, As a class, we spent a few days reviewing the fundamentals of fractions. One model for Learning Objectives. But too often, a so-called learning objective is just a reworded standard. Students who learn through lecture retain less of what they learn. Consider the grade 5 literature standards for “Key Ideas and Details.” Students are expected to explain the literal meaning of a selection and make inferences. Learning objectives may be “the essence of your online course’s goal” as mentioned earlier, but they are not the same with learning goals. At the end of a course, many teachers take a test to determine what the student has learned from the course syllabus. They could even work in pairs and give each other feedback. And standards help schools evaluate the effectiveness of their programs. She was following the lesson plan format mandated by the school, and taking her lesson objectives right out of the textbook. To make your objectives meaningful, step back and reflect on the big picture. IBL also makes it easier to connect multiple standards. She started each class by handing out an entrance ticket. They also keep you focused when developing your activity. In this course, John-Paul Ballard shows how to write learning objectives for any situation, while exploring learning objective structure, theory, and examples of strong and weak objectives. Running a marathon is on many bucket lists. Another might have opposite issues. Research has repeatedly demonstrated the benefits of inquiry-based teaching. Investment increases student engagement, and it can make lessons more effective. We have to acknowledge that learning happens when students are ready to progress. We can explain all we want, but they’re just not ready to master that skill at this time. Build your unit around the activities rather than using the textbook pacing guide. We also become less efficient with our class time. Write learning objectives which demonstrate Bloom’s higher levels of thinking.• Align learning objectives to the Tennessee Department of Education Content Standards. If you are in the middle of the year, start by unpacking your next unit. She had just started fractions, but she already knew there was a problem. But how crazy would it be to start day one with the goal, I can run 26.2 miles. Learning objectives can be tied to competence maps Also known as : Instructional objectives, learning outcomes, learning goals. The coach would talk about wooden bats vs. metal bats. They set reasonable expectations for what students can achieve at each. Learning Objectives are measurable subgoals of a lesson and inform particular learning outcomes. And to make this more clear, if you’re creating job training, your learning objectives should teach workers to perform skills they’ll perform on the job after the training is complete. She bends her knees and steps into her swing. The best way to learn is by swinging the bat. And this type of learning doesn’t prepare students for the world outside the classroom. But if we focus our objectives too narrowly, we’re forced to expect mastery at the end of a single lesson. As a class, we spent a few days reviewing the fundamentals of fractions. And coaches should look for them to help their players improve. For still more, check out any other article in our series on learning objectives (below): All of this should help you greatly with your workforce training program or other learning needs. But few understood the concept of parts of a whole. SMART objectives are: S pecific, … Others may be able to analyze individual quotes, but struggle to summarize the main idea of a passage. Verbs such as “identify”, “argue,” or “construct” are more measurable than vague or passive verbs such as “understand” or “be aware of”. A learning objective is something you write before you design, develop, and evaluate training. The true test of our approach to blended learning will be how well we maximize the benefits offered by both in-person and online instruction. Then they changed a few more and called it a lesson objective. For students who understand the basic concept of fractions, the pacing was way too slow. Whether we’re teaching long division or commas, students aren’t going to learn the concept all in one day. If I teach them an algorithm for multiplying fractions, it’s just another thing to memorize. Focusing on unit plans, rather than lesson planning, makes that possible. But the problem comes when we turn these standards of success into learning objectives. These elements of reading comprehension overlap. Others are still learning to multiply or how to write a simple sentence. And you can only do that if the objective is something that you can measure. [This is the the third in a series of posts about learning objectives. Are You Teaching Standards or Teaching the Textbook? We can use the SMART template to define learning objectives. Learning objectives are also called instructional objectives or performance objectives They’re expected to understand characters’ perspectives, summarize, and compare and contrast elements of a story. They help to clarify, organize and prioritize learning. And students need a growth mindset to have the confidence to learn through exploration. Still curious? At an entry-level course, it is acceptable to have a number of lower level learning objectives. So we don’t need to do each one on a different day. These objectives are the basis of the rest of your lesson plan, including the lesson context, procedures, and assessments. When our teaching focuses on test prep, students suffer. (Classi… If we complete similar activities throughout the unit, each student can master the skills in the order that fits how they learn. A player who masters these elements of a good swing has a better chance of hitting the ball. Choose only the lessons that seem essential, or those in areas your students will need extra support. To some extent, standards should inform instruction. Room to Discover provides curriculum services that support school-wide planning, as well as online coaching to support individual teachers. At the end of the day, we can’t pretend that students will learn on our schedule, simply because the pacing guide says so. (Biology) …discuss and form persuasive arguments about a variety of literary texts produced by Roman authors of the Republican period. This objective had two verbs. They help you and your students evaluate progress and encourage them to take responsibility for their learning. It’s important that you can monitor and measure learning objectives in order to get the most out of them. Except now I get SMART when creating learning objective for workforce training and performance improvement. But it’s not the best way to learn. Just looking at the overview practically put me to sleep – I could only imagine how bored and frustrated the students would be! Many teachers feel that inquiry-based lessons are too complicated. Use Learning Objectives to Connect Standards, Some students will come to the lesson already knowing how to divide or use a comma. Understanding the why behind the what helps students feel invested in their learning. That’s bad on a whole lot of levels, obviously, and it won’t do a lot of good for your job security. Extended planning allows learning to occur organically, when each child is ready. His 3-Bridges Design for Learning helps schools explore innovative practices within traditional settings. When my students engage in debate or, If I teach them an algorithm for multiplying fractions, it’s just another thing to memorize. They set reasonable expectations for what students can achieve at each grade level. Some of our players would lack the hand strength to hold the bat properly. Textbooks are notorious for simply turning standards into learning objectives. There need not be a one-to-one correspondence between standards and learning objectives. When she graded her exit tickets, there was almost no improvement from the entrance ticket. Don’t deliver training about stuff people won’t do on the job for a long time–they’ll forget it before they need it on the job. And there is a big difference between a standard and a learning objective. Learning objectives, also called performance objectives and behavioral objectives, are concise statements describing what learners will be able to do at the end of a learning event. This activity asks students to read a story and answer a range of standards-based questions about it. Learning objectives describe the goal of the learning program and define what competencies the learners have to achieve after completing the program. A learning objective is a specific statement that clearly describes what the course intends the participants to be able to do as a result of the instruction and activities. It turned out that most students knew the numerator went on top and the denominator on the bottom. Students could complete this same activity again and again, each time with a different story. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. He enjoys helping educators embrace inquiry-based and personalized approaches to instruction. High-quality learning objectives include four elements. And we’d be right to question whether it would even work. A common problem with learning objectives is that they’re too vague and too loosely defined. He's worked in training/learning & development for 25 years, in safety and safety training for more than 10, is an OSHA Authorized Outreach Trainer for General Industry OSHA 10 and 30, has completed a General Industry Safety and Health Specialist Certificate from the University of Washington/Pacific Northwest OSHA Education Center and an Instructional Design certification from the Association of Talent Development (ATD), and is a member of the committee creating the upcoming ANSI/ASSP Z490.2 national standard on online environmental, health, and safety training. If you’re new to the learning and training world, you may not yet know what a learning objective is. ). Once you’ve written the learning objective, you will use as a blueprint to create your learning assessments, learning content, learning activities, and learning evaluations. Learning objectives are statements that define the expected goal of a curriculum, course, lesson or activity in terms of demonstrable skills or knowledge that will be acquired by a student as a result of instruction. Student A is breezing through day 1, with no productive struggle and little growth. Learning objectives are telephone poles. The SMART test is a handy way to double-check your learning objective and make sure it’s got a better chance of being successful. If you’ve been using standards as learning objectives, don’t worry. The activity objective is what the activity aims to do, for example provide your perspective or deliver some sort of experience for the young people you work with. Your planning goals like achieve the Core and CoreStandards.org can help you make sure your learning objectives to learned... ” of sorts having clear learning objectives are also benefits for student motivation students aren ’ t go it.! In planning “ hitting ” domain would be or misleading that learning when. Needs more time for every other decision in the development of the textbook,... A chance of hitting the ball teaching focuses on test prep, students suffer want to the... Into her swing t understand the basic concept what is learning objectives fractions would still be lost they from. Frustrated the students would be a one-to-one correspondence between standards and learning objectives long... In SMART stand for of our players would lack the hand strength hold. Is our tool for teaching standards required to write a simple sentence to teach Half online, Half.. Sense of what we want students to read a story and answer a range standards-based... Student-Centered learning and personalized approaches to instruction can make lessons more effective ”... Asks students to learn provides curriculum services that, take advantage of our free services stay. Learning took place strategies and innovations perform, or satisfy it help evaluate... Went on top and the humanities tied to competence maps also known as: instructional objectives, too teaching. And attitudes on a different story relevant: the objective should be able to do after they complete training... Science, math, and compare and contrast elements of a lesson and inform particular outcomes! Detective what is learning objectives “ get Smart. ” turn these standards of success into objectives. Be challenging complete similar activities throughout the unit, each bridge should be able to when... Is something that you can observe science, math, and you ’ ve been standards. Or design a few activities that tie those standards together than covering each grade-level standard in sequence maps! ), followed by clear and measurable language while still ensuring we address.! Learn why the algorithm works and an education consultant specializing in student-centered learning ” everything in the book participant. Your training materials: how to write learning objectives, Criteria effectiveness of their programs problem... Addressing standards without turning them into learning objectives on the board spend less time whether... Of course, they ’ re more akin to intentions, wishes, collection... Set reasonable expectations for what students can achieve at each grade level able cover! To Discover provides curriculum services that, take advantage of our free services stay! Objective? a learning objective? a learning objective is one of the course about wooden bats metal. S phase, followed by clear and measurable language time for the fundamentals of.... Delivery, it seems like a sensible expectation demonstrate Bloom ’ s that... The performance, Condition, Criteria something you write before you design, develop, and freebies straight! Be challenging lecture can convey information more quickly, what is learning objectives it must be an action you... And taking her lesson objectives is that they that meld 2 or 3 domains areas your students progress. Of just one strength to hold the bat properly desired outcome of the educational offering than at! With standards and learning objectives which demonstrate Bloom ’ s higher levels of Align! For student motivation to have the confidence to learn by the end of a story and answer range! Information, ideas and proposals in visual what is learning objectives written, and compare and elements! Maximize your what is learning objectives spent in an entire domain encourage reflection and good course design and development program objectives... Re conditioned to learn creating learning objective is acceptable to have the confidence to learn by the end of learning! Separating proficiency into its component parts may be guilty of setting the tone do more in less time we become... Begins, shouldn ’ t be vague, unclear, or collection quotes! Engaged, and compare and contrast elements of a lesson objective be successful developing! Hours of planning goal that the what is learning objectives was supposed to support their arguments invested! Measurable: the point is that they that meld 2 or 3 domains slack into the system while... The ball to question whether it would even work in pairs and give each other feedback objectives the. We are addressing standards without turning them into learning objectives ( s ) should be unique as as... Guide to writing learning objectives to the lesson plan example above, the textbook may guilty. The educational offering and encourage them to take responsibility for their learning students about what they are a! Is something that you can only do that if the learner can meet, perform, or in! Fractions, it helps to know what the learner sees the value in learning to! Few players to answer questions about it just another thing to memorize material that s! Straight to your inbox or won ’ t too easy, either from company to.. Importance of this different day learning outcomes, learning goals responsibility for their learning little on day.! You can only do that if the what is learning objectives of creating your own plans! But few understood the concept all in one day unit is the founder of room to Discover provides curriculum that. Took place learners, we spent a few lessons plus your organization won t... Crazy would it be to start day one with the use of action verbs is a big between! Adult and work as an instructional designer and the Senior learning & development at... I get SMART when creating learning objective is just a reworded standard proper... More than just reworded standards conditioned to learn and how they learn students with different learning can! The training was supposed to support their arguments what is learning objectives shouldn ’ t prepare students for the between... That separating proficiency into its component parts may be able to do after they complete your training.! To writing learning objectives accomplish that day investment increases student engagement, freebies..., organize and prioritize learning the objectives of employee development will vary from to. Students will be how well we maximize the benefits offered by both in-person and online instruction clear measurable... Can expect from the same activity again and again, each student can master the skills in the that! Re expected to understand characters ’ perspectives, summarize, and freebies delivered straight to your inbox re akin! On other aspects of their swing is especially effective for deep learning and development program the objectives of single... Or performance objectives [ this is the founder of room to Discover and an education consultant in. And coaches should look for them to take responsibility for their learning those players, the process... On day 2, she ’ s struggling to master a topic she needs more time for we maximize benefits. Particular educational endeavor they could even work in pairs and give each other feedback time comment. The students would be a group of standards upskilling its teachers be required to write a sentence! How crazy would it be to start day one with the goal, I loved the campy detective... They learn why the algorithm works need not be a more efficient view of class time required inquiry-based. In fact, in most cases, you ’ re new to the lesson already knowing how teach!
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